SA MERIT AWARD FOR DESIGN
South East Asian Rainforest Stage 2 at Adelaide Zoo, Adelaide
Landscape Architects: HASSELL
The Adelaide Zoo Master Plan was completed in 1990 and focuses on the Zoo's primary objectives of education, conservation, tourism/recreation, research and animal management. From this master plan, the South East Asian Rainforest (SEAR) Exhibit was planned to house animals from that region and to provide visitors with face-to-face encounters with the animals in their natural environment.
SEAR Stage 1 was completed in 1995 and primarily exhibits Siamang, Dusky Langurs, Tapir, Sunbears and various bird species. SEAR Stage 1 is an exceptional exhibit with the highlight being the Siamangs playing high in the trees above one's head without cages or nets to interfere with the experience of seeing these wonderful animals. By "removing the barriers", SEAR shifts from the traditional exhibit design into the world of immersion.
Significance of the Project
SEAR Stage 2 continues with the idea of "removing the barriers" while at the same time immersing the visitor in the natural habitats of the animals. SEAR2 gives the visitor an appreciation of the animals, their environment and their relationship to humans. Exhibiting Orangutan, Sumatran Tiger, Komodo Dragon, Dhole, Binturong, Siamang and Otter, SEAR2 increases enrichment for the animals through habitat and exhibit design, and offers the visitors new insight into rainforest ecosystems and conservation.
The layout and arrangement of SEAR2 seeks to combine SEAR1 & 2 into what will become SEAR – South East Asian Rainforest, a world class exhibit in Adelaide.
The master plan considers using minimal visible restraints and removes the barrier between visitor and animal through creative design and construction techniques. Opportunities for rotation and mixed species exhibits are provided for through the use of chutes and overhead transfers. Enrichment opportunities such as climbing towers, overhead climbing links ('O-Line') for primates, platforms, felled trees, water bodies, bungee-cord feeders and misting systems are integral elements of the scheme. Behind the scene tours and space for corporate functions have been incorporated at both the holding building and the central hub.
All of these objectives are linked through a storyline of the "Sanctuary", giving context to the exhibits and built design elements. This theatrical device provides a framework for educational and interpretive material on the South East Asian Rainforest conservation and rehabilitation needs.
The master plan was developed during a three day workshop held at the Adelaide Zoo in October 2004 with HASSELL, Jon Coe Design and the Zoo Reference Group. Jon Coe specialises in creating humane habitats for plants, animals and people. Jon has nearly 40 years experience in landscape architecture and 30 years in planning and design of zoological parks. The Zoo Reference Group consisted of the animal Keepers, Zoo Education Group, Horticultural staff and the Adelaide Zoo Curator and Director.
The Plan was further developed into the final planning report with the technical input from Lincolne Scott (Hydraulic, Mechanical and Electrical Engineers), TMK (Structural and Civil Engineers) and Kojo Group (Information Technologies). Cost Management was provided by Rider Hunt.
This unique project features world class standards in the keeping and exhibiting of animals and develops new features not seen before in Australia. Opportunities for rotational exhibits and the ability for animals such as Orangutans to control their own environment within their off exhibit holding building is unique to Adelaide Zoo.
The main feature of the Orangutan exhibit is the unique ‘O-Line'. 15 m tall climbing structures made from steel are positioned high into the air above the exhibit and house recycled plastic platforms and moving elements to simulate the natural environment. Ropes link the platforms, replicating vines, allowing the primates to move arboreally between platforms. The third platform is located in the Tiger 2 exhibit, permitting the Orangs to travel into the tiger exhibit, but preventing them from climbing down the tower. Likewise, the tigers would be prevented from climbing up the tower. This unique and exciting opportunity for the visitor to view the two species as they would be in nature (terrestrial and arboreal), will be a highlight of SEAR.
The experience of the visitor to SEAR 2 promises to be a unique experience with behind the scene tours and close up views of the operational activities of the Zoo keepers. The Hub area can accommodate night-time functions such as special events, the existing Zoo night safari and school children sleepover programmes.
The project budget was $400,000.00 with a construction budget of $4.5 million
Adelaide Zoological Gardens Client
HASSELL Landscape Architect
HASSELL Statutory Planning
Jon Coe Design Zoo Design Specialist
Lincolne Scott Mechanical/Electrical/Hydraulic Engineer
TMKCivil and Structural Engineer
Rider HuntCost Manager
Kojo Group Information Technology
Webb AustraliaLight Designer
SA AWARD FOR DESIGN
Adelaide University North Terrace Frontage
Landscape Architect:Taylor Cullity Lethlean
Location:North Terrace, Adelaide (situated north of the corner with Pulteney Street)
The North Terrace frontage of North Terrace includes a grouping of some of the oldest and most stately buildings in Adelaide. The Mitchell Building, Elder Hall and Bonython Hall form a large open forecourt space which was formerly known as Goodman Crescent.
At the time of commissioning of this project Goodman Crescent was a vehicle thoroughfare used by students, visitors and service vehicles. Pedestrian safety was severely compromised and the frontages to each of the heritage buildings was dominated by bitumen and vehicle movements.
The brief called for a re-ordering of the forecourt to create a shared use space which gave priority to pedestrians. This simple objective was achieved after a complex series of negotiations lead by the landscape architect which gradually pulled back the vehicle access and allowed for the establishment of a pedestrian scale environment.
A significant opportunity existed to create a seamless and permeable edge with North Terrace and open the University up to the city. In achieving this objective the University has made a major contribution to the city’s public realm.
The forecourt design required the integration of the frontages of each of the heritage buildings to create a strong sense of continuity throughout the space while also resulting in an appropriate and stately approach and sense of entry to each building. This has been achieved through the use of a simple palette of materials and details, the application of which varies in response to each building.
It is significant that this prominent project was undertaken by a team lead by a landscape architect, thus ensuring that landscape and urban design values drove the design outcomes. Within the context of the development of the profession in South Australia the project is a further step in consolidating the role of landscape architects as the primary designers of urban public realm.